Uganda’s Sempaya Hot Springs are found in the Semuliki National Park. These amazing hot springs that can boil at very high temperatures of up to 103 degrees Celsius; have a spurt shelling up 2 meters from a wide hole of about eight meters. The springs that boil up from the rock bottom of the earth exhibit the great underground geographical forces that have for many centuries ago formed the Rift Valley. Semuliki National Park covering 220 square kms is among Uganda’s latest National Parks and was put into a gazette in October 1993.
Sempaya hot springs that are found in two places. The first one is called the male and second is the female. The hot springs have tremendously attracted a great number of tourists in Uganda.
An hour-long track to the outer, “male” hot springs takes you through a spot of woodland where the grey-cheeked mangabeys, red-tailed monkeys and the black-and-white colobus monkeys among others are regularly seen. There is a tree house on the way which offers a clear aerial view.
On the other hand, a 30-minute walk via the palm forest from the main road leading to the inner, “female” hot spring, characterised by the boiling spring. Here, Eggs and banana can be cooked instantly for consumption by hungry hikers in the blistering waters!
Scientifically, hot springs are a spiral formed by an appearance of geothermal heated underground water from the earth’s layer. The hotness of rocks inside the earth upsurges with deepness. When water infiltrates deep plentifully into the crust, it is heated as it gets into contact with the very hot rocks. Hot springs are made by fissures spreading deep towards the exceptionally hot temperatures of the earth layer, and water trickling down is heated and enforced back up with much pressure to produce bubble.
Semuliki is considered to be a dense forest and also part of the great Ituri forest which stretches in the Congo. Animals that are found in Semuliki National Park leopards, elephants, civet, chimps, pygmy antelopes, buffalo, bush baby and scaly tailed flying squirrel. This park has got eight primate species and about 400 species of bird plus 300 butterfly species. Tourists at the park also use set trails to visit the hot springs and also prepared walks to various areas of the park.
From a Geographical perspective, the Semuliki River is a small tributary of the bigger Congo River. The forest in the park is a place of stay for Batwa community. Batwa are a group of people in Uganda who are endangered and may face extinction. Their populace has reduced severely over time, and their lifestyles need to be learnt about.
In case you are a lover of bird watching, Mungilo waterfall is an ideal spot for the activity. Among the much loved bird species found in this area include the black dwarf hornbill; the yellow-throated nicator and shining blue kingfisher are.
Semuliki National Park offers a sense of taste of Central Africa even when you are in Uganda. A boat cruise on Lake Albert is a breathtaking experience. Semuliki, a dense forest is part of the great Ituri Forest which bounces into the Democratic Republic of Congo. Semuliki is the only national park in Uganda featured with predominantly with tropical lowland jungle. The geography is pretty flat, creating a shocking dissimilarity to the jagged Rwenzori Mountains proximate. River Semuliki at the park is a water source for several animals and birds.
Also Read about Kitagata Hot Springs in Bushenyi District.