Uganda has 10 National Parks plus several games reserves, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries on which its tourism thrives. All combined, Uganda National Parks are the ones that define Uganda Safari and Uganda Tour activities. several safaris in Uganda take place in these park that are evenly distributed and represented in almost all regions of Uganda.
Notable among these park is Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga National Park which inhabit Uganda’s treasured animals, the ‘Mountain Gorillas in Uganda’. Gorilla Safaris and gorilla tours combined contribute significantly to Uganda Tourism earnings very year.
Other prominent National Parks include, Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo, Semuliki and Kidepo National Park where much of the Uganda Safari activities are done throughout the year. Kibale National Park is notable for Chimpanzee Safaris in Uganda, as the park has one of the highest concentrations of chimpanzees in the East African region. Mount Rwenzori National Park and Mount Elgon National Park are notable for climbing and nature activities mainly for adventure tour lovers.
Uganda National Parks include the following:-
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is found in southwestern Uganda and a home to endangered mountain gorillas. Bwindi Forest is famous for Gorilla Trekking Safaris in Uganda and is situated along the Democratic Republic of Congo border next to the Virunga National Park.
Murchison Falls National Park is one of the biggest national parks in Uganda under the Murchison Conservation Area. This is the largest protected area in Uganda covering about 5.025 kilometres comprising of Murchison Falls National Park, Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and Karuma Falls Wildlife Reserves and in the Southern section, Budongo Forest.
Queen Elizabeth National Park is Uganda’s most popular game reserve for anyone with a keen interest in safaris, beautiful nature and scenic view. The park established in 1954 was named after Queen Elizabeth II. Geographically, the park runs from the foothills of the Rwenzori crater in the north to the shores of Lake Edward to the remote Ishasha River in the south, Lake George and Kazinga Channel, combining a wide variety of habitats like savanna, wetlands and lowland forests among others.
Kibale National Park is one of the most accessible of Uganda’s major rain forests offering an excellent environment for chimp tours and bird watching. Found in Kabalore and Kibale districts, the park that covers 560 sq kms is a home to 13 primate species, including the much localised red colobus and L’Hoest’s monkeys. Main activities are Chimpanzee tracking in Kibale forest and a visit to Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary commonly known as Bigodi Swamp Walk, a habitat to several birds and primates.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park is the highest mountain range in the whole of Africa, with 6 glacial peaks that include Mount Speke, Mount Stanley, Mount Gessi, Mount Emin Pasha, Mount Luigi da Savoia and Mount Baker. The main peaks can be perhaps compared to those of Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. These two peaks, Margherita (5.109m) and Alexandra (5.083 m) on Mount Stanley are adventurous for any adventurous mountain hiker in Africa.
Kidepo Valley National Park covers an area of 1,442 square kilometres in the rugged, semi-arid valleys of Karamoja province in the far northern Eastern part of Uganda near South Sudan and Kenya border. The park is one of Uganda’s most remote and spectacular national parks. Kidepo National Park has scenery unsurpassed in any other park in East Africa as well as great numbers of floral and fauna species.
Mount Elgon National Park is found in Eastern Uganda is located near Mbale and lies across the Kenyan border covering 1,145 square kilometres. Mount Elgon is known to be the fourth highest mountain in East Africa and second highest peak in Uganda, towering up to 4321 meters with the second-highest peak in Uganda. Mt. Elgon, an extinct volcano is believed to have first erupted more than 24 million years ago. Locally known as Mt. Masaba, Elgon has got three other major peaks which are Kiongo (4303m), Mubiyi (4210m) and Jackson’s summit (4165m).
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is foundin south western Uganda, bordering Rwanda in the south and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the west. Known for Gorilla and Golden Monkey trekking, the park is 14 kms from Kisoro town and occupies 33 sq kms on the northern slopes of the 3 Virunga Volcanoes including Mountain Muhavura (4,127 m), Mountain Gahinga (3,474 m) and Mountain Sabinyo (3,645 m). Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo, each protects its own portion of the Virungas, in the Parc National des Volcans and Parc National des Virunga respectively.
Semuliki National Park covering 220 sq km is an eastern extension of the vast Ituri Forest and forms part of the forest continuum during the climatic upheavals of the Pleistocene. Located about 50km from Fort Portal, Semuliki is one of the richest areas in both flora and fauna in Africa with mainly birds. The most fascinating attractions include the fantastic scenery, Hot springs, forest walks, birding, primate watching plus and the meandering river Semuliki.
Mount Moroto National Park lies in the north east Uganda in the Karamoja region and its one of a chain of volcanoes along the border with Kenya that begins with Mount Elgon in that south and includes Mount Kadam and Mount Morungole. Moroto is a forest reserve protecting a range of habitats from arid thorn savanna to dry montane forest. Although a long hike is required to reach the higher areas, excellent arid thorn savanna and rocky slopes are accessible from the town at the foot of the mountain.